1. “The manager/ researcher is not equipped to arrive at a focused the precise research question, till he carries out a thorough inventory check of the problem area”. Examine the above statement and justify with examples why you agree/disagree with it.

Ans : A research problem is a that points to the need for meaningful under… or present a value question….. Research Problem is one which requires a researcher to find out the …. can be attained optimally in the context of a …. making the decision may be affected by it and react to it… of in context of a research problem….In research process, the first and…. A researcher must find the….

….. research problem can be classified as …. defined research problem cannot be ….the problem, researchers may find themselves going off on a ….trying to deal with …..worse…The entire process begins with the …. of previous research are unclear or where….will also shed light on appropriate research methods.

2. Distinguish between secondary and primary methods of data collection. Is it possible to use secondary data methods as substitutes of primary methods? Justify your answer with suitable illustrations.

Ans : There are two types of data: primary and secondary data. Primary data is information obtained ….another person for other studies…. Primary data is data originated for the…. Also known as the …. conducted by the organisation …. The data can be …… methods like ….

Secondary data implies second-hand information…..other than the user for a purpose, not…. collected from various sources like….Secondary data offer several …..the data is gathered for the purposes other than the …. Moreover, the objective and the method …. that would be unfeasible for any….Secondary data can provide …… collected primary data results to and it can also be….

…. secondary data can present …..not originally collected for research, may…. primary data collection and should be the …. information gleaned from secondary sources,…. to a sampling of households to find out how…..

Secondary research lays…….view of their markets…..

3. Explain an itemized rating scale. What are the various issues involved in constructing an itemized rating scale?

4. What are non-parametric tests? How are they different from parametric tests? Explain the advantages and disadvantages of the non-parametric tests.

Ans : Nonparametric statistics is the branch of ….. of probability distributions ….. Nonparametric statistics is based on either being ….. parameters unspecified. Nonparametric statistics includes….

….. Parametric tests assume that the……for most physical measurements such as…. nonparametric tests are better…. and comparisons are done on the ranks….

Difference Between Parametric and Nonparametric Tests…..

…the parametric test makes….and the only way to know these parameters is to have ….. a nonparametric test, as the name indicates, …….

….on the data, in the case of parametric tests, is ….and makes it easier to…. with the collected data…in a probability distribution and although the probability distribution in the…..nonparametric statistics is …. In the case of parametric tests, it is… in the case of nonparametric tests, it is taken to …..

As I’ve mentioned in the first difference,… parametric and nonparametric tests and …. is absolutely necessary for a parametric analysis,….. related parameters in order to give…. Compared to parametric tests, nonparametric tests have several ….

….. there may be no alternative to using a non-parametric statistical test unless the….by the non-parametric test may be more….Non-parametric methods are available to treat data which are …. from several different populations. Parametric tests often can….

….met in the data and…then non-parametric statistical tests are….to non-parametric statistical tests is that they are …. on a central theme.

5. What are the guidelines for effectively presenting the research results through oral presentation? How can a researcher make his presentation more effective? What are the audio-visual aids available for the purpose?

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